“Portrait of Doña Juana María Romero” by Ignacio María Barreda (Mexican, active 1750-1800). Doña Juana María Romero, a woman who had given birth to thirteen children by the age of thirty-four, is depicted with one hand on her hip (a traditionally male gesture of authority). The picture was probably commissioned to commemorate her good fortune in surviving so many pregnancies. The ostentatious and eclectic finery of her costume, with its jewels, feathers, silk flowers, lace, and ribbons, highlights her wealth, while a fake coat of arms communicates the family’s social aspirations. A cut string of pearls on her dressing table alludes to vanity and wastefulness.
(Photo: Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Mexico’s Flourishing 18th Century Art (Click Photos to Enlarge!)